Competitive Shooting

Ruger Vaquero: The Single-Action Cowboy Gun

Ruger Vaquero

At times, you just gotta go cowboy. Among my favorite handguns are single-action revolvers. I like the feel, heft, accuracy and handling. While some say they are outdated, they sure get a lot of use. I have had a single-action revolver on hand for most of my life and have carried them in the wild, hunting and on my person for personal defense. I do not recommend the single action for personal defense use, but what they once did they still will do.

Without getting into war stories, the first time I held a member of our protein-fed ex-con criminal class at gunpoint, the handgun in my hand was a Colt single-action revolver. The burglar was impressed. But the best of the single-action revolvers was yet to come, and I do not say that lightly. For longevity, ruggedness and accuracy, the Ruger Vaquero is at the top of the heap. I also should add that it is affordable. To date, I have owned four—two in .45 Colt, one in .44-40 WCF and another .44 Special.

The .357 Magnum chambering may be the most practical, but I just cannot warm up to a single-action revolver in a modern caliber. My bad I suppose, but I like the .45 Colt, and my only Vaquero is a .45 Colt. It just looks and feels right. On the other hand, if I were to engage in a serious attempt at Cowboy Action Shooting, the .357 Magnum loaded with light-recoiling and super-accurate .38 Special loads would be my number one choice. I carry my single actions in the field, and since I may call on them to take meat or dispatch a nasty beast, I chamber the .45 Colt cartridge.

The Vaquero is a single-action, six-shot revolver. By single action, we mean that you must cock the hammer before every shot. The trigger does one thing; it releases the hammer. You thumb the hammer back to full cock. Then release the trigger, and the trigger action drops the hammer. The Ruger is available in a variety of finishes, with blue and stainless steel the most common. There are also several grip materials and special versions, such as the Montado.

The Vaquero features a bold, blade-type post front sight and a rear sight that is simply a notch milled into the top strap. The Vaquero comes in barrel lengths from 4.625 to 7.5 inches. The Ruger is the safest single-action revolver ever made. In the past, the rule was five beans under the wheel for carrying a single-action revolver. The hammer-mounted firing pin would rest on the cartridge primer when the hammer was fully lowered on the chamber. Various half-cock notches and the like were not true safety measures.

The rule of thumb in those days was to load one, skip one, load four and then cock the hammer and lower it on an empty cylinder. That left an empty chamber under the firing pin. The Ruger design features a transfer bar system. The bar acts as a barrier between the hammer and firing pin. When you cock the hammer, the transfer bar rises into place. As the hammer falls, it smacks the transfer bar, and the transfer bar contacts the firing pin. This modern system makes the Ruger safe to carry with six rounds fully loaded.

The original single-action revolver required you to place the revolver’s hammer at half-cock to load it. The loading port opened when you put the hammer in the half-cock notch. Then you thumbed in the cartridges one at a time. To eject the cartridges, you followed the same procedure, pressing the ejector rod, in the ejector-rod housing under the barrel, to eject the cartridges one at a time. Yes, one at a time. The single action is no speed demon for loading or unloading. The Ruger differs in that you open the loading port with the hammer at rest and the cylinder turned to load or unload without having to place the revolver on half-cock.

The single-action revolver is more about a sense of history and a link with the past. It will serve as an all-around, go-anywhere, do-anything revolver—but only for those schooled in its use. If you believe that one shot should suffice, and will suffice in your personal scenario, then the single action in a big-bore caliber is for you. The uncomplicated and compact single-action mechanism is an advantage of the 4.75-inch barrel .45 Colt.

You can pack a single-action .45 about as easily as a 4-inch barrel .38 Special double-action revolver. There are two types of Vaquero revolvers in circulation, but only one is available now. The original was built on the Ruger Blackhawk frame. It is beefy, strong as an anvil and well-balanced to most of us. However, the slightly smaller Colt single-action revolver is lighter and smaller and has the traditional “gunfighter” feel.

Intended as an ultra-strong hunting revolver, the Blackhawk was not a cowboy gun, and the original Vaquero revolver was a good cut-down version of the Blackhawk without adjustable sights. The New Vaquero is a smaller revolver, similar to the Colt Single-Action Army. The original Vaquero is well suited to +P .45 Colt loads, while the new version is better with standard loads that would be used in the Colt Single-Action Army. That is fine; this is a cowboy gun, not a hunting gun. The new model does seem lighter in the hand, but my old model works just fine.

When handling the Ruger single-action revolver, a proper grip is essential. For most hand sizes, the small finger wraps around the bottom of the grip. It is important to remember that the thumb does not come from the rear to cock the hammer, but rather lies across the hammer from the side to cock the hammer. This side motion does not disturb the grip and offers more leverage. The plow-handled grip is very comfortable in recoil, rolling upward more than moving straight to the rear. It is quite comfortable to fire my .45 Colt version with standard loads and heavier handloads. Recovery is simply a tad slower with the heavier loads.

In the past, the only factory option was the original 255-grain conical bullet load. This was a fine defense load with an excellent reputation. A generation ago, you could get factory hollow points that were loaded down, used light bullets and were less effective than the original load. I once saw one of these loads stopped by the vinyl side molding of a vehicle. Today, you still can get the 255-grain bullet.

Another addition to the lineup is the .45 Colt cowboy load. These are usually standard-weight bullets loaded to 750 fps for cowboy-action shooting. A strong favorite is the Winchester cowboy loading. Packaged in a box with an original Western appearance, those loads burn clean and deliver good accuracy. Convincing a cartridge that was originally designed for 40 grains of black powder to burn clean with a modest charge of modern propellant is no easy trick, but Winchester has done it. I also have fired a good number of their cowboy loads in .44-40 WCF. This is a fine cartridge, perhaps the best of the Old West loads as originally loaded and accurate with proper load practice.

While modern loads are light for use in cowboy-action shooting, I worked up some serious handloads for the 7.5-inch barrel Ruger Vaquero I owned a few years ago; 200 grains at 1,200 fps exhibited modest recoil and excellent accuracy. That is 10mm class or a little better. Another class of loads available for the .45 Colt is intended for personal defense.

The Winchester PDX uses a 250-grain bullet with an excellent balance of expansion and penetration. That load demonstrates an advantage over the original 255-grain load. While velocity is modest in the 800 fps range, the 250-grain bullet has plenty of momentum and expands well. Accuracy is good to excellent.

How accurate is the Vaquero? Revolvers are sometimes individuals, and quality firearms will prefer one load to the other. Just the same, I have fired enough Vaquero revolvers to know that my example is representative of the breed. The 4.75-inch barrel Vaquero will print 5-shot groups of 2.5 inches at 25 yards with the Cowboy load or Winchester defense load. That is more than adequate for cowboy action or personal defense. A word of caution, though: If you use one of the wonderfully durable stainless-steel revolvers, be certain to apply sight black to the front sight. Otherwise, glare from sunlight will cause you to fire the pistol off to one side or the other, depending on from which side of the sight the sunlight is coming.

When packing the Ruger, I have used a couple of excellent holsters. For cowboy-action shooting, the Rocking K Saddlery holster gives the ultimate cowboy look, although few cowboys purchased a holster as nice as this Cattlebrand. The Mexican loop holster was easily the most popular in the Old West, although the Slim Jim and others also had their days.

The Diamond Loop Cattlebrand holster is very distinctive and quite different from the average Mexican loop in style and appearance. The holster is well made of good material and should last for many years. It is, incidentally, a fine field holster as well as a cowboy-action holster. For general use and concealed carry, the Ted Blocker CCI is a great design. That holster fits between the belt and belt slide, allowing the holster to ride high, affording an excellent sharp draw. Comfort is good, and the holster features very attractive Blocker tanning. There is a small loop for securing the hammer if needed. When hiking and generally spelunking, I like this holster. The Ruger will handle any likely problem—man or beast—and it is a very handy and comfortable firearm to use.

The Ruger single-action revolver is not for everyone. For those who hear the call of the single-action revolver, there is nothing quite like the Ruger. It is traditional in appearance, but the heart and action of the Vaquero are all modern coil spring and CNC-machined reliability. It is accurate enough for hunting, but the Vaquero is at its best at just plain packing.

Do you enjoy shooting single-action revolvers? Tell about your experience in the comment section.

About the Author:

Bob Campbell

Bob Campbell’s primary qualification is a lifelong love of firearms, writing, and scholarship. He holds a degree in Criminal Justice but is an autodidact in matters important to his readers. Campbell considers unarmed skills the first line of defense and the handgun the last resort. (He gets it honest- his uncle Jerry Campbell is in the Boxer’s Hall of Fame.)

Campbell has authored well over 6,000 articles columns and reviews and fourteen books for major publishers including Gun Digest, Skyhorse and Paladin Press. Campbell served as a peace officer and security professional and has made hundreds of arrests and been injured on the job more than once.

He has written curriculum on the university level, served as a lead missionary, and is desperately in love with Joyce. He is training his grandchildren not to be snowflakes. At an age when many are thinking of retirement, Bob is working a 60-hour week and awaits being taken up in a whirlwind many years in the future.

Published in
Black Belt Magazine
Combat Handguns
Rifle Magazine
Gun Digest
Gun World
Tactical World
SWAT Magazine
American Gunsmith
Gun Tests Magazine
Women and Guns
The Journal Voice of American Law Enforcement
Police Magazine
Law Enforcement Technology
The Firearms Instructor
Tactical World
Concealed Carry Magazine
Concealed Carry Handguns

Books published

Holsters for Combat and Concealed Carry
The 1911 Automatic Pistol
The Handgun in Personal Defense
The Illustrated Guide to Handgun Skills
The Hunter and the Hunted
The Gun Digest Book of Personal Defense
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911 second edition
Dealing with the Great Ammunition Shortage
Commando Gunsmithing
The Ultimate Book of Gunfighting
Preppers Guide to Rifles
Preppers Guide to Shotguns
The Accurate Handgun
The Mission of Cheaper Than Dirt!'s blog, The Shooter's Log, is to provide information—not opinions—to our customers and the shooting community. We want you, our readers, to be able to make informed decisions. The information provided here does not represent the views of Cheaper Than Dirt!

Comments (21)

  1. My husband wants a ruger 357 western style hand gun. I have no other information about it but the name. I guess I’m just wanting help on where to look and how to not get ripped off when I buy one.
    Thanks for your time

  2. Everything Sully said about the Vaquero is true. I have one of the older versions and it can handle quite a bit…it is no ‘cowboy action shooter’ in this regard, but more of a blackhawk with style, form and function. I am lucky, because I bought mine used with major action work done on it and it rivals my Colt Python as far as the single action goes. I only mention this to say that it is possible to tune this fine pistol to near perfection. Once you get the Vaquero action tuned, you will be thinking about it while shooting a semi-auto and will be the envy of your shooting friends. It’s the closest thing to sex with a pistol I can imagine. I only wish it had as many shots as the westerns we like to watch. Now, there is an analogy.

  3. Hey post ! I am thankful for the information , Does anyone know where my assistant would be able to grab a template a form document to use ?

  4. I am enamored with the Vaquero lineup but I have a question that I hope someone here will kindly answer. Although no longer available, these were once available in 44 Magnum. Why did Ruger discontinue them. I am guessing that the 44 Magnum was simply too much cartridge for the Vaquero frame. Can someone please fill me in on this?


  5. The Rugar Vaquero is a great wheel gun and is as close to the Colt I guess as you can get without having one.. The New Vaquero with
    the 4-5/8 ” barrel is a good handling revolver, I got two of them a couple of years ago, having two of the older ones made in the 1990’s that are good also but are a little heaver and with 6 inch barrel and can handle the heaver P loads. I tell you one thing you see these cowboys shooting in these westerns and knocking the cans off the fence rail and John Wayne aka Rooster shooting the corn dodgers in the air, placing a neat hole in the center of the silver dollar tossed spinning. My friend that there would take a lot of practice..The Holster is a and can be a very important item for the Vaquero handler, I have 7 guns that fall in the class of the western style 6 shooter and have made around 2 dozen holsters, I ordered me a double shoulder of leather around the 8-10 ounce weight and made a copy of the double loop that I got from Ruger you know the one with the Rugar bird pressed into it a mighty fine holster it is. My Uncle who is a gun nut in the best way and he saw the Rugar and having a Vaquero himself had to have one so I ordered him one. Also made him another just so he would have one of my doing.. so mow that I’v seen these two in the article I will just have to make one like them I really like the Cattlebrand, the Ted Blocker CCI.. I have made 2 gun rigs with the fast draw low slung type. two gun cross draw, single gun quick draw, single gun cross draw, have the flap style the Calvary would have worn, one that just fits my New Army Rugar black powder revolver that i got me one of the cylinders that let you load and shoot .45 colt ammo, that work just great another thing about the Vaquero that I find to be handy is the being able to shoot the Schofield .45 ammo, my usually buying places for .45 colt ammo has been hard to get so I have loaded upon the Schofield that work just fine in the Vaquero…so all you shooters out there keep your powder dry and be careful,always know what is down range…

  6. I have a couple of reproductions, one is a .36 Cal Cap & Ball, the other is a Uberti SAA in .45. Love them both, the .36 cal is fun to shoot but then you have to clean up afterwards. Still love to shoot it though. The .45 SAA is a good gun, but would love to find a Vaquero, want to get into SASS shooting and joined up, but no clubs near where I live.

  7. Tandy leather has saddle making kits, patterns, tools & everything 4 that. Make your own I did. Used to make my own holsters; but I’m 2 picky & have no patience anymore for that. Its special purpose for me anyway.

  8. Like ruger arms. bought my 10-22 when first released @ a Dept store that is no longer from long time ago. probly put 200k thous. rnds. down the pipe & only problem is/was slight crack in bolt face; since fixed way back when.. still has same recoil spring & reworked 25 rnd. banana mag opened up to shoot the longer cci mini-mags. It was natural just to have its bigger brother. Both look exactly the same except 4 size and cap.

  9. Bob, Thanks for the link to Rocking K Saddlery. And, thanks Martin for the info re .44 mag carbine. Both of you are a big help, much appreciated.

  10. I have a Ruger .44 mag. carbine (.22 look alike). Ballistics are unimpressive even out of the longer barrel.Ok for a close in light carbine deer rifle. (Opinion only).

  11. seems difficult to find the spec.s on 44mag.,45colt,357mag. in a rifle formate! hi, low ,50yrd.s 100yards etc.??may be other calibers also.

  12. Yes, I like and shoot a Colt SSA. After a gambling junket to Carson City, Nv.,and winning a Big jackpot. I then decided to visit some Pawn shops up the street. Lo and behold, in the display case was a Colt SSA, case hardened frame, origonal grips in 44.40. After bore light inspecting the barrel, chamber, and cyclinder timing lockup, hammer; trigger slack and such and finish, it appeared as almost new, I jumped in and bought it. I think I last shot it about 12 yrs. ago. it’s part of my western display with saddle, blanket, lariat, saddle bags & win, 44.40 lever action rifle on saddle stand.Obviousley I didn’t shoot it much. It makes my thumb hurt reloading the chambers.

  13. I love single actions, and mine get far more use than my more modern double action revolvers and semi-autos. I presently have 2 original Colt Artillery models(in 45 Colt) and two USFA single actions (in 44 WCF). I load both with black powder and thoroughly enjoy the smoke and recoil of authentic ‘full house” loads.

  14. I have a short barrel Ruger Vaquero in 44 mag, and haven’t seen any others around.I prefer to shoot 44 specials and for a good reason.

  15. I used to own a German made Haas or Haus 44 mag, single action pistol back in the 70’s. I loved that gun, had plenty of power and was quite accurate. I paid $150 for it and having a wife and 3 kids, I ended up selling it. Now I wish I still had it. I’ve never seen another since then.

  16. I really like this holster, but I cannot find it anywhere. I’ve Googled the Diamond Loop Cattlebrand Holster, but got not results. Can you direct me to where I can purchase one?

  17. I enjoyed the article on the Ruger vaquero. Over the past couple of years I have gotten into the single action firearms. I currently own two, one standard vaquero and one birds head model both in .45 colt. But my biggest enjoyment comes from watching my 17 year-old 5 foot 3 120 pound daughter blaze away at targets with them and her Winchester 1893.

  18. thank you for informative article. i have gotten into ruger single actions, with a 357/9, 22lr/22mag and 22lr shopkeeper, plus a heritage 22lr/22mag as a beater. i enjoy the “engineered” feel when shooting. one learns the discipline of making each shot count as opposed to “spray and pray.” the rugers are indeed “mechanical jewels” and the heritage does its job just fine at an attractive entry level price. every shooting enthusiast should own a single action, even a heritage. while im not into cowboy action i would enjoy to learn more about single action guns and shooting. v/r.

  19. I have the 31/2″ Vaquero and though not as accurate as the 4!/2″ at a distance, I still prefer it as a crossdraw.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Your discussions, feedback and comments are welcome here as long as they are relevant and insightful. Please be respectful of others. We reserve the right to edit as appropriate, delete profane, harassing, abusive and spam comments or posts, and block repeat offenders. All comments are held for moderation and will appear after approval.

Discover more from The Shooter's Log

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading