Consumer Information

Getting the Best of Grips and Grip Angle

hogue monogrip

It is interesting to note the differences in glove sizes and contrast this to the “one-size-fits-all” handgun grip frame.

The mechanics of a firearm in a useful caliber and mechanism functionality are limiting factors, but some handguns are better fits for most hands than others.

Despite the differences in handgun grip size and angles, I am able to fire a wide range of handguns reasonably well. My hands are average size and there are some handguns I simply do not handle well, such as the GLOCK 20/21 and the Beretta 92.

Some, such as the CZ 75, are fine if I use thin grips. Grip inserts for polymer-frame handguns largely accommodate the largest hand sizes—I never change them.

When you attempt to understand handgun geometry, you have to take a hard look at all dimensions. The grip width is one, but the total circumference, measured by running tape around the grips, is perhaps most important.

Trigger reach is the distance from the back of the grip to the trigger face. This differs with single-action, safe-action and double-action triggers. An important measurement seldom taken into consideration is grip angle.

colt single action army
The Colt Single Action Army’s grip style is comfortable and offers excellent handling.

Why Grip Angle Is Important

The angle of the grip compared to the bore centerline is important. This isn’t the same as bore axis, which is the height of the bore above the hand. The angle or pitch is the divergence of the grip from the centerline of the bore.

Few (if any) handguns have a flat pitch. In revolvers, a gentle rolling curve (such as the plow handled angle of the Colt Single Action Army) makes for an easy-shooting revolver.

low-bore axis - gun grip and angle
A low-bore axis and 18-degree grip angle combine to make for superior handling in slimline pistols.

A double-action revolver requires a step in the grip to stabilize the hand as the trigger finger operates a double-action trigger. A well-trained shooter is able to make allowances for less-than-ideal combinations of measurements.

But the same shooter will do much better, especially in rapid-fire, with a design that fits his hands well. The grip that fits your hand well just may fit most hands well. As I mentioned, there are guns I cannot shoot well.

I may handle them OK on the range, but in speed shooting or control situations, I am less than competent. If you have small hands, you need to look harder at handgun geometry.

As an example, if the GLOCK 48 9mm fits your hand well and the GLOCK 19 doesn’t, the smaller-grip frame is a better choice. Accuracy and control are more important than magazine capacity.

high-capacity mag grip
A high-capacity magazine depends on a thicker grip. Some of us are better served with the slimline grip, right.

Other Important Factors

When handling different handguns in the gun shop, it is important to evaluate the grips, grip angle and trigger reach. There may be handguns that measure out with similar dimensions, but one will feel better than the other.

Grip texture is important. Given a grip that fits the hands well, it takes poor sights and a heavy trigger to mess up the equation. There are happy combinations for shooters. Watch for the backstrap pinching the web of the hand.

I have a permanent callous in the web of my right hand from long experience with the 1911—and it fits my hands very well. After trying several handgun grip frames, fire the handgun next. Find a good rental range.

If you are firing high and to the left, the handgun isn’t the ideal fit or your grip isn’t strong enough. Many polymer-frame handguns fire low because the slide is heavier than the frame.

Most modern polymer-frame handguns feature interchangeable grip straps. These are primarily useful for adapting to larger hand sizes. Remember this rule. A larger grip pitch presses the muzzle upward; the smaller grip pitch downward.

Rubber grips - recoil control
Rubber grips are excellent for recoil control.

How We Choose Handguns

Shooters choose handguns based on looks, legend, reputation and even cultural factors. (My dad had a Colt, cops carry GLOCKs, grandpa had a Model 10 and so on.) It helps to understand other disciplines when choosing the grip and grip angle.

It should not be a painful inquiry. First, don’t assume the small guns are all good. The Walther PPK, as an example, is practically unusable by the author. My average-size hands are a bit fleshy in the web and the PPK slide eats my hand up.

The GLOCK 42, on the other hand, is a delightful fit. Some small handguns place the controls too close together and the hand is cramped. Some full-size guns are terrible. The 1911 is another matter.

grip and angle - 1911
The 1911 grip, bottom, is a good natural fit for most users. Revolver grips, above, are more difficult to acclimate to.

This handgun features the ideal grip angle or pitch between the bore axis and grip. Interestingly, my hand feels much the same as when I am delivering a martial arts punch.

The GLOCK is similar, but not quite the same—a more concentrated punch, perhaps.

I am pretty certain we have been throwing punches as long as we have been eating and it is a logical thing to throw a punch in subjective terms when you draw the gun—you punch it toward the target.

This makes the 1911 and the GLOCK formidable with a minimal amount of training. You simply have to learn to throw the punch straight and not tilt the hand to one side. If you are firing for practice or a leisurely pursuit, this punch isn’t as noticeable.

In the stress of combat, it is a different matter. And that is the key. A handgun that doesn’t fit your hand well may be managed, but not well. Under stress, there is a great deal of difference.

1911 hand fit and speed
The 1911 offers excellent hand fit and speed.

What About Revolvers?

Revolvers were once neatly divided into frame sizes. They still are, but the major makers generally offer large-frame revolvers with smaller, more comfortable grips. The shape of the handle makes a great deal of difference.

Revolvers were once offered in square-butt and round-butt sizes.  Smith and Wesson offers only one grip frame, the round butt, in modern revolvers while conversion grips allow the use of either round-butt or square-butt grips.

Understanding the how and why of grip design will allow you to make the best choice for different chores.

K-frame revolver grip
A K-frame revolver may be fitted with Hogue wooden grips, middle, or more compact Hogue mono grips, on the handgun.

Square-Butt vs. Round-Butt Grips

When Smith and Wesson introduced the successful Military and Police double-action revolver, it was manufactured with a round-butt grip frame. The square butt was introduced later.

Eventually, the square-butt frame became more popular and the majority of Military and Police .38s were square-butt revolvers. I-frame revolvers were mostly round-butt designs, but the Regulation Police was a square-butt design.

The Colt New Police and the first Police Positive revolvers had among the most uncomfortable grip frames ever designed for a double-action revolver, in my opinion.

The Colt Police Positive Special and the treatment given the Detective Special were great improvements. In the small calibers used in the Police Positive, the grip frame didn’t matter as much. With the .38 Special, recoil was becoming uncomfortable.

The round butt is a good choice for fast-handling defensive revolvers. The square butt is best for target revolvers. The single-action press must be controlled and the larger square-butt grip allows that.

The hand remains in place when the thumb is used to cock the hammer for single-action fire. On the other hand, the Smith and Wesson, with a four-inch barrel and round-butt, handles quickly in double-action fire.

The round butt is less likely to print on covering garments when the revolver is worn concealed. The round butt is smaller and has less area, but also invites a very fast grip acquisition.

When firing heavy loads, the smaller grip frame of the round butt may transfer more energy to the palm, but that is a trade off—the trigger is more quickly manipulated, in my opinion, with the round-butt grip.

Another concern is heeling. This is when the handgun is gripped improperly too high on the grip. With this grip, the shooter will often fire for the heart and hit the head unless the bullet simply flies over the head of the target.

This is a product of hurried training and not taking time to affirm the grip. I believe that this type of problem is less likely with the round-butt grip frame.

butt and square type grips
The revolver round-butt type grip, left, and square-butt type, right, offer different types of handling.

Final Considerations

Smaller grips may actually make for more encirclement with the fingers and a stronger hold. Trigger reach may be slightly shorter with the round butt (for most hand sizes). This is important when dealing with a double-action revolver.

Carefully consider your needs. Smith and Wesson began manufacturing their most successful double-action revolvers with a round butt and, today, the round butt may be the best choice for most of us.

Consider how the handgun may be used and choose accordingly.


There are high points of grip fit for most shooters. Some handguns are models of a good fit. The 1911, GLOCK 17 and Springfield XD are among them. Take a hard look at hand fit. You will find it as important as caliber and capacity—perhaps more so.

What is important to you when it comes to handgun grips? Let us know in the comments below.

About the Author:

Bob Campbell

Bob Campbell’s primary qualification is a lifelong love of firearms, writing, and scholarship. He holds a degree in Criminal Justice but is an autodidact in matters important to his readers. Campbell considers unarmed skills the first line of defense and the handgun the last resort. (He gets it honest- his uncle Jerry Campbell is in the Boxer’s Hall of Fame.)

Campbell has authored well over 6,000 articles columns and reviews and fourteen books for major publishers including Gun Digest, Skyhorse and Paladin Press. Campbell served as a peace officer and security professional and has made hundreds of arrests and been injured on the job more than once.

He has written curriculum on the university level, served as a lead missionary, and is desperately in love with Joyce. He is training his grandchildren not to be snowflakes. At an age when many are thinking of retirement, Bob is working a 60-hour week and awaits being taken up in a whirlwind many years in the future.

Published in
Black Belt Magazine
Combat Handguns
Rifle Magazine
Gun Digest
Gun World
Tactical World
SWAT Magazine
American Gunsmith
Gun Tests Magazine
Women and Guns
The Journal Voice of American Law Enforcement
Police Magazine
Law Enforcement Technology
The Firearms Instructor
Tactical World
Concealed Carry Magazine
Concealed Carry Handguns

Books published

Holsters for Combat and Concealed Carry
The 1911 Automatic Pistol
The Handgun in Personal Defense
The Illustrated Guide to Handgun Skills
The Hunter and the Hunted
The Gun Digest Book of Personal Defense
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911 second edition
Dealing with the Great Ammunition Shortage
Commando Gunsmithing
The Ultimate Book of Gunfighting
Preppers Guide to Rifles
Preppers Guide to Shotguns
The Accurate Handgun
The Mission of Cheaper Than Dirt!'s blog, The Shooter's Log, is to provide information—not opinions—to our customers and the shooting community. We want you, our readers, to be able to make informed decisions. The information provided here does not represent the views of Cheaper Than Dirt!

Comments (15)

  1. My Taurus Hammerless . 38, 1in Barrel Revolver hurts so much to fire. After about 25 rounds, the web (area between thumb and 1st.finger!hurt severely and for 2 days I had red/brown bruises…
    Is the problem the grips? If so, what kind of grip should I buy? .If the grips are not the culprit!,then ????

  2. Hello,
    I have a Colt Army Special in .38 caliber. It needs grips. Should I buy reproduction or original black
    grips. I am looking to keep it the way it was made.

    1. IF you are looking to keep it original, you are going to need to haunt the internet until you find an original set for sale. However, a reproduction set will preserve the look just fine. ~ Dave

  3. I’ve got large hands with long fingers. While I live 1911s, the old slab dudes just doesn’t fit my hand well. Thankfully there are a couple brands out there that make double stack 1911s. It’s basically another example like the two Glocks at the beginning of the article. Good reading, thanks for writing it.

  4. How can I get better grips for my Magnum research 45/70 handgun. Have been looking for something that allows me to keep my normal grip between cocking the single action. Thanks

  5. Excellent article. With your permission I’d like to print it out for the use of my students (I teach basic pistol/concealed weapons classes on occasion). A couple things I’m surprised you didn’t mention: One is the difference in grip angles between Glock and most other (e.g., 1911s) pistols. After shooting 1911s, a Beretta M9, Sig P320, and many others, I bought a Glock 19 to familiarize myself with the platform. After all, Glocks are probably the most popular brand of handgun today. I found that the more pronounced grip angle caused me to tend to shoot high. If I shot nothing but Glocks, I’m sure I could train myself to hold it dead-on, but then I would probably shoot all other pistols low. I think that’s why most shooters either shoot only Glocks, or anything but Glocks. I’ve learned that I fall into the latter category. The other fact that bears mentioning is that many handgun models today come with interchangeable grip inserts, so that the shooter can adjust the trigger reach to his or her own hands. Gen 4 Glocks (& later) and Smith & Wesson M&Ps are two examples that come to mind.

  6. Nice, informative article that shows a broad practical experience with a number of manufacturers / products. I don’t own/have never shot a Tokarev, but it would be a good example of a vertical pitch design. Would be interesting to hear shooters experience adjusting from a Tok to other angles and back. I’m sure Miculek would have much to say on this subject. I don’t disagree with any of your observations, just thought the article good enough that it should not have zero comments 🙂

  7. Being one of those characters that hss to find 2XL gloves can be a pain when it comes to handguns. My Beretta 92 and Walther PPQ M2 both fill my hand nicely. For years, my CC wespon was a PPK/S in .380, but I had to add a Hogue sleeve and a beavertail extension to be able to consistantly use the gun. When I retired it a year ago, I chose s Sig P365, I still had to add a Hogue sleeve to fill my hand enough. My S&W model 36, I had to put aftermarket grips on it. Back when I purchased it in the 80’s, the woefully insufficient, tiny factory grips just didn’t have enough bulk to give me a good grip on the gun.
    Having grips that are comfortable and of sufficient size to help fire and control the weapon is a must for this old codger.

  8. I would like to change EAA Windacator .357 factory rubber grips with wooden grips. I am at a loss to find any commercial wooden grips on the market which will fit. Any ideas?

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Your discussions, feedback and comments are welcome here as long as they are relevant and insightful. Please be respectful of others. We reserve the right to edit as appropriate, delete profane, harassing, abusive and spam comments or posts, and block repeat offenders. All comments are held for moderation and will appear after approval.