Safety and Training

9 Things New Shooters (and Concealed Carry Permit Holders) Need To Know About Training

Mike Seeklander Strong Hand Clearance Drill

In my various roles as a firearms trainer, I have spent countless hours fixing problems for students whose issues were created during their previous training. Unfortunately, most of those mistakes are self-ingrained by shooters doing repetitions with improper technique. Along the way, I’ve come to realize there are several simple, yet often unfamiliar, concepts about firearms training that shooters don’t know or understand.

Mike Seekander teaches a student the right way to improve shooting skills.
Mike Seeklander is owner of Shooting-Performance LLC, a full-service training company, and the co-host of “The Best Defense,” the Outdoor Channel’s leading self-defense and firearms instruction show.

1. Sometimes, you get what you pay for. Free isn’t always good.

One of the biggest obstacles I face is fixing a skill that came from an invalid, “free” source that a shooter found on the Internet. There are countless articles, blogs posts and videos on the Internet with so-called experts teaching what they believe to be valid techniques.

The unfortunate thing is that some are far from experts, and the bigger problem is less-experienced shooters might not know how to tell the difference. I have been sucked into the endless stream of information myself and, on occasion, find that after getting sidetracked a dozen or more times, I am no closer to the answer I was looking for. After the fact, I realize that I have probably wasted two or more hours I could have spent practicing.

So how do you validate the good from the bad? Look for instructors or sources of information that can be cross-checked. Most people who are really skilled at anything are usually easy to find, because they have been on the path of their particular skillset for years.

Be careful about taking material away from an unknown source, especially when it comes to guns and gear. It seems like everyone out there is an expert, and it is hard to find objective information.

Just remember, you get what you pay for.

2. Not everything you see on the Internet is true, valid or should be the focus of your efforts.

The Internet and Facebook are plagued with flashy videos and cool stuff. I use those outlets myself as an attention gainer and because doing cool stuff on the range is fun! And beware of paying attention to the wrong things and getting sidetracked by material that does not even come close to the material you should be spending your time on.

I’ll use a current example that seems to be exploding on the Internet, a particular instructor who calls himself “Instructor Zero.” I have had numerous people post his “awesome instructor skills” video on my Facebook page and have been emailed about him several times. I do not personally know him, and use him only as a point in this blog.

The truth is, I find some of the things he does on the videos to be unique and interesting, and I would welcome both a beer and some range time with the guy (not at the same time!), because I guarantee I could learn some things from him.

Here is the problem: In the comments (I have excluded some of the idiot comments that are probably posted by non-shooters), people seem to notice the wrong things:

  • The gun instructor’s skill will ‘blow your mind.’
  • The guy has sick skill and speed.”
  • His drills are ‘crazy’ dynamic and mimic real-world concepts.
  • He has ‘mad shooting skills.’

Now, here are the things that I notice, and feel are important:

  • His manipulation skills are incredible; each is refined by obvious hours of hard work. He has refined his index points and fundamentals to an incredibly high level. While most of the shooting he does on the videos is close range, I would feel pretty confident in saying that he is a very skilled shooter.
  • He seems to be humble and does not promote as flashy, although the videos come across that way because, I assume, his company is good at marketing hi). He makes several statements about “specificity” in training and how he focuses his efforts when he practices. This is critical information and an insight into how he focuses when he practices.
  • He mentions safety, and the importance of it, as well as the fact that the stuff he shows needs to be trained before being tried.
  • He demonstrates a solid understanding of close-range fighting, and the dynamics of distance (when using a handgun). Watch how he does his post engagement scan/check.

My point? There may be a big difference in what you see on the Internet and do pay attention to, versus what you should be paying attention to regarding to training. I would love to train with Mr. Zero and would do so because of what I would learn from him that helps me shoot better, not just mimic something flashy I saw him do in an internet video.

3. The majority of your training should be focused on shooting better.

A full-speed concealed draw process looks great in a photo! But if I can not manage the recoil, sights, and trigger, I won’t hit anything. Good shooting skills begin there!

The unfortunate thing is that I get students in my classes who have spent countless hours training, and some who have trained with several different instructors who still do not understand the fundamentals that will allow them to maximize their shooting abilities.

The biggest thing I see students lacking is the inability to manipulate and control the firearm they are shooting. In handgun classes, they have very little idea of how to maximize their recoil control with a proper grip, and in a rifle class I rarely find someone who has really learned to control the rifle during fast shooting.

Manipulation of the firearm is the second-biggest area they lack skill in, whether it be performing a reload, or clearing a malfunction. Often, I find those students lacking skills that should be fundamental. In the beginning of your skill development during your own practice, or in any training class you take, if you are not learning or practicing something that will help you shoot better, you are on the wrong path.

Every single training drill you do should have a purpose in your skill development. If you are attending an instructor-led group class, then each drill your instructor gives you to do should have a purpose.

Consider this, if you don’t leave each and every class or practice session a slightly better shooter, then why are you there? Now, for those who argue that defensive-type instruction should include tactics and scenario-driven learning experiences, I agree. But not at the expense of being able to hit the desired target as quickly as possible.

Don’t get sidetracked into tactics and games before you spend the time learning how to shoot.

4. Educate yourself across several sources BEFORE you spend your money on guns and gear.

It seems like absolutely everyone has an opinion on guns and gear. While there are hundreds of well-versed gun-store employees out there who will give you great advice on what gun to buy and carry, there are also an equal amount who have absolutely no clue.

I can honestly say I see more students fail in the selection of a fundamentally proper weapon and the accompanying gear than in any other area. When you are researching guns and gear, consider the following:

  • Purchase with a purpose in mind. Just because author A, B, or C says it is an awesome gun or holster does not mean that it will meet your needs.
  • Get several opinions. We all have opinions. In terms of selecting guns and gear, get several. Validate the source.
  • Try the equipment before purchasing, if possible. Most of the good ranges that sell guns have a rental program where you can try a similar gun before buying it. Would you buy a car without test-driving it? Why buy a gun that might not work for you?

5. Never, ever fight your gear.

I have a common solution I give students when they show up to my classes with a gun that they are fighting, or gear that does not work: “Throw it over the berm or in the trash.” Really, get rid of it!

If it does not work in class, what makes you think it is going to work in the real world? When in doubt, follow the leaders. If you simply can’t decide on what to get, write or call several experts on the field and get them to give you their top-three recommendations for guns and gear in the context you will be using them in. Look for the commonalities.

6. Train with an expert early in your development, and at least once per year.

I know, training classes are expensive. So is ammunition and wasted time is invaluable. If you know anything about me, you realize I offer training programs in the form of my books and supporting DVDs you can use to greatly increase your skills.

You know what I have found though? That students who have read my books or watched my videos, and who then attend my range courses, tell me across the board that they were missing something that they could not get from the book or DVD. It’s not that they did not like my material — just that I gave them a different depth of feedback when they trained with me in person.

I try to take at least one course a year myself, and I recommend you do the same. If you have one particular instructor you like, take his or her courses for a few years, but don’t be afraid to branch out. The training you receive, and what you do in practice, must be focused on the context of what you are training for. This means that you must invest the most time practicing the skills you are most likely to use.

It also means you must practice with the gear you will use in the environment you are likely to use the skill. Listen, the truth is that we all like to practice the stuff we are good at. And we also like to use the gear that is the easiest to do the best with on the range, which often is not the same gear you might carry daily. I have made this same mistake myself.

Look at the chart below to get some examples of what the average concealed-carry holder might want to practice versus what he or she should be practicing to employ that handgun.

What they want/tend to practice What they should be practicing Thoughts
A fast draw from a “range” holster without the normal shirt they conceal their handgun with. Executing a consistent draw from the holster they carry with and the concealment garment they wear while moving toward a piece of simulated cover. Drawing from real-deal carry gear with the actual garment used to conceal the gun changes things. Doing it while moving adds another element. Or how about adding an obstacle to move around while you are drawing? How often do you think you will be attacked when completely alone? Moving around a loved one while drawing is a good skill that fits the context of where you operate.
A static (flat-footed) concealed-carry draw using the support hand to clear the garment during all of the practice session. Performing a consistent draw process with the strong hand only sweeping the garment, I actually teach the strong hand as the primary sweeping hand in Your Defensive Handgun Training Program. The support hand is commonly occupied, believe it or not. Practicing one way that does not always meet the need in a bad situation is a sure path to failure. Think about how common it might be to be in a parking lot with a flashlight in hand, or with your support hand holding hands with your child, when bad things happen. Both require the use of a one-handed sweep-and-draw process. Make sure you practice them!
Shooting really fast “double taps” (I cringe at that word but use it for the purpose of this article). Recoil control with varying and multiple shots, a visual (and physical) follow-through-and-assess process. You see, the good ol’ “double tap” is a shot sequence that is used primarily in competitions. It was also taught by some who used to teach students to shoot twice and then assess. I disagree with this method, and history and literally hundreds of real-world shootings teach us that it often takes more (and sometimes many more) than two shots to stop an attacker. Imagine shooting twice with a small, commonly carried pocket pistol (.380 ACP), and hoping it stopped an axe-wielding attacker… only to find that it didn’t work. Not smart! Practice rapid follow-up shots and a visual follow through.

7. Practice sessions should ALWAYS be approached with a purpose.

I can’t tell you how many times in the past I have wasted time and ammunition with the best of intentions. I loaded up my gear and went to the range to get some skills practice in with no plan. Inevitably, I would find myself putting a few drills together and then practicing the stuff I liked versus what I really needed to work on.

Another failing point is working on too many different things in one session. I have found that I have much more success working on one or two skill areas and repeating them until I have learned as much as possible from that drill.

Most of my practice sessions start with some fundamental drills, then I pick a skill area to work on. Examples might be one-handed shooting, or shooting while moving, or shooting from tough positions. Normally, I like to have a drill that allows me to watch an electronic timer and measure the results. While not all defensive training is best done by just paying attention to times, the numbers still give me something to try to improve.

Make sure you come to each practice session with a plan! My Logbook documents my practice session and allows me to plan my next one.

8. To continue improvement, you must measure your skills.

This one assumes you are already knowledgeable and skilled enough to take a test, like my S-P Handgun Skills Test. If you are not at that level yet, then simplify the process and work on keeping your shots inside a certain area of the target.

For example, if you are working on the fundamentals and you are a brand new shooter, you might spend an entire session working on managing the sights, trigger, and grip in a few simple drills.

If you plan to shoot 100 shots during your practice session, you can count and track the number you hit in the scoreable area of the target (whichever target you choose). If you are in the military or law enforcement, you probably have a preset qualification that you can use to measure your skills.

Why am I so adamant about measuring your skill? Simply because once you begin to focus on measuring something, you immediately boost your chances of focusing on improving that metric.

Things to Focus on:

  • Managing the Trigger
  • Managing Recoil (Building a Proper Grip)
  • Putting Them Together, with the Extend Prep and Press, Live Fire Drill

9. Keep a shooting Logbook.

Whether you use a notepad, electronic means, or maybe a pre-designed logbook (I designed one for each of my programs), make sure you are keeping track of your practice sessions. I like my pre-formatted books because they make it faster and easier to gather the data I like to follow up on.

You are probably reading this post because you are a new shooter and have some goals you are trying to meet. There is no better way to help yourself meet those goals than to begin to log your training sessions, what you are learning in them, and the factors you need to continue to focus on to help yourself improve.

Believe me, I know it takes work, and a “systematic” approach to training beats a random one every time.

So there you go, nine things you can really put to use if you are a new shooter and have an interest in paying attention to your improvement. Remember, each one is something that I have personally watched shooters fail at. Make the choice to be the exception, rather than the rule.

Are these the nine things you’re using to improve your shooting skills, one step at a time? If so, which has helped you the most? Share your results in the comments section.


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Comments (10)

  1. DOUBLE-TAPS: “I disagree with this method, and history and literally hundreds of real-world shootings teach us that it often takes more than two shots to stop an attacker.”


    THERE IS NOT A SINGLE STUDENT I HV EVER WITNESSED WHO “INSTINCTIVELY” FIRES TWICE… THEY JUST DO NOT!! NOR – in actual PRACTICE! Read ANY article daily about a shooting… and u’ll note that the GOOD GUY virtually NEVER shoots twice! NEVER!

    HENCE: I INSIST my students “DOUBLE-TAP”, then “DOUBLE-TAP” again… then again… until that MAG is EMPTY!! In fact: I teach 2 to the body, then – NOT “MAYBE” r “SOMETIMES IF”… but “THEN” 2 to the HEAD! 4 TOTAL per SCUM!


  2. I agree 100% with all of the above. I’m an experienced shooter, and I still learn new things about the sport I love, this article pointed out using a shooting log, well by gun, I’m going to start using one, makes perfect sense. Especially when I’m trying to break in a new barrel, or sight in a new scope or optic, or even just adjust my front site.

  3. Concur 100% with the article. Most CTD articles are at best for complete novices and don’t get into adequate detail or just plainly suck.

    One can get only so good at something by reading about it. There’s a lot of good info out there but it doesn’t take the place of a good instructor.

  4. Good information for using a gun safely and quick presentation for target shooting or competition. But people should not confuse these skills with the skill set needed in using a gun in an actual potentially lethal encounter.

  5. 9 things new shooters need to know. Gentlemen, I have been shooting guns on and off most of my life. I’m 70 years old now and after watching your videos, I can see I need lessons from a professional instructor to learn the correct techniques to shoot well, safely and more accurately than I shoot now.. Thank you for your insight and demos on grip, trigger pull and mind set. I will be going back to school, this time to a pro trainer.
    Keep showing people how to improve themselves.

  6. I agree Martin .In the 24 years I have conducted scenario based, adrenal stress driven firearms training at I have even had police firearm instructors experience that they hesitate and can’t pull the trigger. The more authentic, realistic the training method becomes the more of the real skill set needed for an activity is exposed Consider the top three firearms training schools in the US, not once in those schools will you have to make a decision under stress draw and fire at a living breathing woofing human being. Since the one element of mind set we know is critical in SD situation is never even spoken off much less practiced realistically. WE use real guns and light rubber bullets I load myself. People discover a lot about themselves under stress but most importantly they leave here much, much better prepared for it. They discover without question that the sights of handgun can’t be sued in real SD situation. I must have had a thousand people plus take my program and not one told me they even knew there were sights on the gun in the scenarios much less thought about using them, it just can’t be done under stress your brain won’t let you see anything but the guy trying to kill you. Marksmanship and ‘quick magazine change drills’ are gimmick that have nothing at all to do with using a gun effectively for SD in a real crisis.

  7. Everything read was true. The first thing in training I believe is to know for sure ‘can I pull the trigger on a living person’. Unless you can resolve that in your mind the first thing; you will be the Was, not the Is.

  8. You can download a free PDF file that covers most everything asked in this forum at

    You will hear some all but unbelievable buy true stories from people shot point blank in the head with .45 ACP and not be stopped or even seriously injured (bullet spun around the skull and did not enter) And why even the big three Firearms Training Centers to my mind while good s teaching ‘Marksmanship, Firearms Safety, and things like quick magazine changes etc’

    Yet none of these things are the skill set you need to prevail in gunfight or defend your family from a home invasion.

    Discover the actual skill set you need and yes, ‘point shooting’ is one of them as virtually nobody can use the sights of a handgun in real self-defense situation (or frankly even realize the pistol has sights at that moment).

    None of this is theory either. It simply the facts proved over and out and forgotten over and over through time.Discover what I learned from the late Jim Cirrillo who had been in a dozen real gunfights as NYC Detective.

    But my experience is that it only takes one such incident and good mind to discover these same truths about terminal ballistics and how the legal system really works.

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