Getting Started in 3 Gun

3 people shooting a pistol

Some like golf; I prefer filling a page with words. Others like baseball, and I like the shooting sports. While IPSC and IDPA are interesting, 3 Gun is the one discipline that challenges shooters with all three firearms—the rifle, shotgun, and pistol. Shooters are good folks to spend time with, and keeping sharp with your shooting skills is important. If you want to win, you have to start somewhere. If you have shooting experience and good quality (but standard type) firearms, then you are good to go for 3 gun. If you have tactical firearms with optics then you are ready as well.

3 people shooting a pistol
Begin with the basics and speed will come later.

The fun begins when the horn sounds, and you begin firing at targets set up on the course. It is like a video game some say—I wouldn’t know about that, but then it does seem to resemble the apocalyptic nightmares often seen in the cinema. And who doesn’t enjoy a good zombie shoot?

One thing I learned about competition long ago is particularly true of 3 Gun. You think you are pretty good with a firearm until you begin shooting competition. After a few runs on the course, you realize that perhaps you are not as good as you thought. Then, after a few months, you are better at shooting than you ever thought possible!

I think that a basic NRA course such as handguns 101 and the basic safety course are essential to your growth as a shooter. If you have not grown up with firearms, as some of us have, no worries. This course will set you on the right path, and perhaps without any bad habits from self-teaching, you will excel in the course.

Man shooting a pistol over the trunk lid of a car
Firing off vehicles is part and parcel of 3 Gun.

Unless you have pounded the streets in the Middle East, you have not ran at full speed toward a target with an AR-15 in hand. Most have fired the rifle only on a static range. You have to bury the ego when you begin, because most of the competitors will have better skills. But they were once where you are, a beginner, and we never forget that.

It isn’t difficult to find a match with an online search. You will wish to start in the beginner’s qualification, which also has something to do with the firearms you will be using. You need lots of ammunition. Federal Syntech is among the best choices.

Clean burning, accurate, and affordable, Federal Syntech loads give you an advantage in function and accuracy to the maximize 3 Gun ranges in the handgun. In the shotgun, 12 gauge Federal loads in bulk are good, and in the rifle I use .223 American Eagle. And I mean a lot of ammunition can be used to practice and compete. However, this all equates to fun and skill building, which is why most of us started in the shooting sports to begin with!

Coyote Brown Serpa holster with handgun inserted
The Blackhawk! Serpa and Springfield XD are good choices for 3 Gun.

You may learn speed and handling at the range but you had damn well better have safety firmly under control before you compete. Study basic handling, drawing the pistol, making the rifle ready and handling the shotgun. This may be done at home in dry fire with a triple checked unloaded firearm.

When you arrive at the event, you will find a registration table. (Nothing wrong with simply observing a match event before you jump in.) You will be assigned a starting time, and you will have a walk through of the course. There will be plenty of good advice to be had.

The majority of the shooters are shooting for fun and to build skills—just as you are. When you consider 3 Gun matches, the first question most shooters have is what type of equipment do I need? Let’s look at the three classes to answer that question.

Open Class

Ryan Flowers firing at the Steel Challenge in NC.
Ryan Flowers firing at the Steel Challenge in NC. These skills transfer easily to 3 Gun.

These firearms are not practical personal defense firearms, in my opinion. They may have very light triggers, overly large magazines or magazine tubes, and more than one optic may be on each rifle. This is challenging and really makes for excellent fun. This is one of the few shooting sports I enjoy observing as much as shooting, but I do not shoot open class. The person that places or wins here is an athlete.

Tactical / Optics Class

This seems to be the single most popular class for 3 Gun. The shotgun will likely have an extended magazine tube. The pistol will have a red dot sight and so will the AR-15 rifle. Most of us have these type of firearms on hand, so it isn’t a stretch to get ready for 3 Gun with our basic battery. You might say this is where the action is!

Heavy Metal Class

In this class, there are rifles of at least .308 caliber, 12 gauge pump-action shotguns and .45 ACP pistols. All must have iron sights. At this point, I think if I went into Heavy Metal, my rifle would be the M1A1, my shotgun the Mossberg 590 and the handgun one of my 1911s—probably the Les Baer but conceivably the Colt retro gun I built long ago.

Collegiate 3 gun shooters
Competition and comradery go hand in hand.


This class may be fired with a shotgun of at least 20 gauge, pump action. The rifle is generally a standard AR-15 and the pistol is a 9mm. There are many choices in this class. I like the Springfield XD, Glock 34, and Smith and Wesson Pro Series. The CZ 75 isn’t out of the running if you have used the pistol and shot it well and neither is the Beretta 92.

Of course these are my top choices. You will be more than welcome with anything meeting the minimum requirements for the class and safety. Feel free to bring what you own and have fun.

Be aware, there are other classes in local events. None of this is written in stone. Be certain that you understand the class and its limits before attending.

What will I be doing?

Most matches have stages of eight to 12 sets which may range up to 35 targets to be engaged. Time is important. The targets may be steel or paper, depending on the course. There may be bowling pins as well. Sometimes the range is limited by the terrain. It is much easier to find a 600-yard range out West than in the South, as an example.

Remington 870/TruGlo combination right profile
This Remington 870/TruGlo combination would be a good starter for 3 Gun.

There will be constructs on the course including barricades, walls, and vehicles and the usual barrels that the shooter must get around quickly to make a hit on the target. Some stages will require the use of both the pistol and the long gun—even all three guns! The event is scored on hits on target, but speed is an important factor as well. Safety is always most important. The match director starting up a 3 Gun course may make it easy or as the game advances the course may require more physicality and skill.

As for as equipment, choose a good quality firearm to compete. A quality rifle such as the Ruger 5.56mm is a good start. Luckily, the AR-15 rifle is easily upgraded to a quality trigger such as the Elftman, and optics are easily changeable.

The Mossberg 930 is an affordable option that handles well for most and offers excellent hit probability. The Benelli is another a fine choice. As for the handgun, you cannot beat a Glock 17 or Glock 34 for beginning in 3 Gun. Blackhawk! offers tactical slings for the shotgun and rifle and magazine and shell carriers as well.

The top competitors seem to prefer carrying the gun load on the belt, others like to carry spare magazines in a chest rig. Let your level of comfort and speed from each position be the guide. The Blackhawk! Serpa is a first class holster for 3 Gun use. The Safariland ALS is another. As for the red dot used, I like the SIG Romeo, but there are other good units as well. You will also need a bag to carry this gear. This means a sturdy durable range bag. Spare magazines, ammunition, lubrication and cleaning products finish the list.

Do you shoot 3 Gun? Have you been interested in getting started in 3 Gun? What guns do you use or would you use for 3 Gun? Share your answers in the comment section.


About the Author:

Bob Campbell

Bob Campbell’s primary qualification is a lifelong love of firearms, writing, and scholarship. He holds a degree in Criminal Justice but is an autodidact in matters important to his readers. Campbell considers unarmed skills the first line of defense and the handgun the last resort. (He gets it honest- his uncle Jerry Campbell is in the Boxer’s Hall of Fame.)

Campbell has authored well over 6,000 articles columns and reviews and fourteen books for major publishers including Gun Digest, Skyhorse and Paladin Press. Campbell served as a peace officer and security professional and has made hundreds of arrests and been injured on the job more than once.

He has written curriculum on the university level, served as a lead missionary, and is desperately in love with Joyce. He is training his grandchildren not to be snowflakes. At an age when many are thinking of retirement, Bob is working a 60-hour week and awaits being taken up in a whirlwind many years in the future.

Published in
Black Belt Magazine
Combat Handguns
Rifle Magazine
Gun Digest
Gun World
Tactical World
SWAT Magazine
American Gunsmith
Gun Tests Magazine
Women and Guns
The Journal Voice of American Law Enforcement
Police Magazine
Law Enforcement Technology
The Firearms Instructor
Tactical World
Concealed Carry Magazine
Concealed Carry Handguns

Books published

Holsters for Combat and Concealed Carry
The 1911 Automatic Pistol
The Handgun in Personal Defense
The Illustrated Guide to Handgun Skills
The Hunter and the Hunted
The Gun Digest Book of Personal Defense
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911
The Gun Digest Book of the 1911 second edition
Dealing with the Great Ammunition Shortage
Commando Gunsmithing
The Ultimate Book of Gunfighting
Preppers Guide to Rifles
Preppers Guide to Shotguns
The Accurate Handgun
The Mission of Cheaper Than Dirt!'s blog, The Shooter's Log, is to provide information—not opinions—to our customers and the shooting community. We want you, our readers, to be able to make informed decisions. The information provided here does not represent the views of Cheaper Than Dirt!

Comments (13)

  1. Never having been in the military or having any formal training, I appreciate the easy to understand info you shared. I have all the guns and rifles and shotguns, however, I would like your opinion on the Safariland set up. Seems expensive, but efficient, I am lefthanded but all my weapons are standard right hand builds. You only mentioned the Holsters And recommendations for the belts and carriers , etc. For the investment you can almost buy another gun

    1. Safariland is good and so is Blackhawk!

      I would shop for the best deal.

      I lean toward Blackhawk

      Thanks for reading

  2. I usually shoot tactical, with my beretta 92, mossberg 590 and ar I built.
    I also shoot heavy metal with my whitefeather m1a, les Baer premiere and h&k marked benelli.

    Boat load out’s work very well for me

  3. I stopped reading after this nonsense attempt at alienating those of us who served in previous conflicts like Granada, Lebanon, Vietnam, Korea, etcetera… “Unless you have pounded the streets in the Middle East, you have not ran at full speed toward a target with an AR-15 in hand.” which is absolute stupidity.

    ANY veteran who carried in any combat situation DID NOT EVER carry an AR-15 into combat. The AR-15 IS NOT NOW NOR HAS IT EVER BEEN A COMBAT WEAPON. This type of thinking by the author only serves to show ignorance and promote ignorance among the general public. Personally I’ve carried an M-16a1, 1911a1, and M1A1 into combat. They are completely different than my AR rifles & Beretta 92FS Inox I carry to the range or competition today.

    Frequently I find the younger generations who compete in three gun competitions think two common falsehoods.

    First they think it resembles some form of military combat shooting. WRONG, the targets are not shooting back and you’re not wearing 70 pounds of gear literally trying to survive the days missions.

    SECONDLY, and perhaps even more offensive to me personally. Competitors often mistake my age for a lack of competitive skills? Which I generally enjoy AFTER the competition is over and I get to smirk and say “better luck next time”.

    To the author, you need more practice. I look forward to seeing you in competition IF you ever get to my level.

    1. Most top end competitors I have met have been gracious and willing to help others, and clearly not braggarts.
      If all were as pompous as you I doubt young folks would join the game.
      I think we all know what an AR is they all sprang from the same tree.

    2. Being offended at ignorance somehow makes me a “braggart”? Bob you only succeeded at proving my point. You have the typical
      “cop” attitude and attempt to belittle my opinion by name calling and false incinuations rather than admitting your errors or offenses.

      That sir doesn’t make you a good competitor or a good author, but it does in fact lend a great deal of insight to your own intelligence. Good competitor’s learn from their errors and correct their mistakes they don’t deny them.

      I’ll be at George Bush range and at Corpus Christi for the competitions this year if you wish to put your skills to the test and actually learn something about the garbage that spews from your pen.

      Ken P
      USN Veteran, Expert Rifleman

  4. Hey Dave, good arrival! I wish more people would get involved in this competition. Great way to learn, hone an keep skillsets sharp.
    I always perfered the Heavy Metal and Tactical divisions best. I compete with what I carry.
    Remington 870, 12ga, configured in a Bullpup with a mag extension for competition. I’d suggest trying the “shorty or stubby” shells that are availabe now too … more bangs per magazine tube!).
    Springfield SOCOM16, 7.65, bullpup configured
    I use one of my AR’s on occasion but prefer to train an compete with my MSAR STG556Bullpup, in 5.56.
    In keeping with “training with what you carry” my heavies consist of XDm Tactical in .45 or my IMI Baby Desert Eagle in .45. My 9mm was, is and will always be the Browning HiPower.
    On occasion the group I often shoot with will modify the selections allowing 10mm for .45 and .40SW for 9mm.
    Optics are per the regular rules…
    We also added a Long Distance “run an shoot”
    at the request of several in the group. This has become popular! May be .308, 6.5C, .300WM or .338 Lapua but a bolt gun. Optics are limited to 4 to 6 Fixed or set, Power (your power.must stay the same thruout) We have a range that is capable of 600 meters so we set up a targets at 200 to 300, 350 to 450 and 475 to 575. Two rounds per target, 100 yard sprint to station one (kneeling, baracade) two hundred yard sprint to Station Two (prone, hole in wall), One hundred fifty yard sprint to Station Three (10 yard crawl and shoot as directed) shot type and mixing up the distances change from competition to compitition so its a surprise. Magazine change between each station. It’s been an instructive and skill raising addition.
    I’d like to see more women in this competitive arena. There are some and they shoot on an equal footing to their male counterparts as one would expect. Just need more of them!
    It can be a bit complacated as each shooter gets their own target at each station. So we limit it to six shooters 18 targets total. First come first serve. If there are enough people interested will do two rounds.
    Thanks for this positive write up. This is some of the most fun one can have and anyone can do it!

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