The double-action revolver is a timeless personal defense handgun. The double-action revolver is not only popular, there are new introductions that make the revolver even more effective. Quality revolvers from Colt, Charter Arms, Smith and Wesson, Ruger, and Taurus offer good protection. In the proper caliber, the handguns are useful not only for concealed carry, but home defense and defense against large animals as well.
Pros of the Double-Action Revolver
The revolver is simple to use and this is one of the great advantages of the double-action revolver. Pick up the revolver, take a grip, and fire the handgun. That is simple part. But managing the trigger isn’t easy. Let’s look at the best way to manage the long double-action trigger press of the self-cocking revolver.
First, what is a double-action revolver? In the modern DA revolver, the trigger action cocks and drops the hammer. With a single-action revolver, the hammer is manually cocked before firing and a single action — pressing the trigger — fires the revolver. The long, rolling trigger press of the DA revolver has advantages.
Here is the best way to control the double-action revolver. I was trained in the DA revolver by some of the best, and I have a great deal of practice on my own. When you grip the revolver, place the hand as high as you can on the frame, with the trigger finger on the face of the trigger. The distal, or first joint of the finger, is the ideal placement. The ideal movement is a smooth, straight pull-through without stopping the trigger press. Keep the grip steady as you press the trigger straight to the rear. The trick is to keep the sight picture steady as you press.
There are shooters who have mastered the press by placing a dime on the front sight and not allowing the dime to fall off during the trigger press. They are a little above the scale of ordinary mortals, but then there are many who can perform this feat. For the rest of us, we continue to dry fire until we get it right.
Press the trigger to the rear in a smooth motion. Sure, the sights will wobble. At personal defense ranges of 5–7 yards, this wobble isn’t as important. You won’t miss the X by much. At longer range, well, you need to get those sights aligned precisely. Align the sights properly just before the hammer falls. It is that simple. Just like making the basketball hoop every single time or holding the leg in tight to perfect the golf swing.
DA or SA?
The double-action revolver demands different techniques than a self-loading pistol. Sight picture and sight alignment are the same, but the grip and trigger control are considerably different. The technique that leads up to dropping the hammer is different.
An advantage some find in double-action trigger control is that flinching is less with the DA press. (Flinching is the involuntary muscle contraction in anticipation of harsh recoil.) If you cock the hammer for single-action fire, you may anticipate recoil and flinch. With the surprise break of the DA trigger press, recoil is less of a concern. There is actually a lot of motion going in when you press the double-action trigger.
The cylinder is locked in place at the beginning of the trigger press. Press the trigger and the trigger begins to cam the hammer back as the hand — sometimes called the pawl — moves the cylinder. This is why the trigger press is sometimes heavy compared to the DA semi-auto pistol. A certain part of the energy used in pressing the trigger is used to revolve the cylinder as well as cocking and dropping the hammer. The hand presses the chamber by butting into the ejector star or ratchet at the end of the ejector rod. The action takes place in a much shorter time than it takes to explain the operation.
Another operation that occurs at the same time is the release of the cylinder stop or cylinder bolt. This is the semi-round piece in the frame that rises to engage a cut-out in the cylinder to securely lock the cylinder in place as the revolver fires. The bolt must drop away to allow cylinder rotation. As you can see, the ‘simple’ revolver isn’t as simple as it seems. The shooter’s hand rides high on the frame and the trigger finger bends down and presses back. That is mastered with practice.
Colt vs. Smith and Wesson
There are important differences in the way the action operates. The primary differences are found in the Colt- and Smith and Wesson-type revolver. The Colt uses a V spring that powers both the hammer and trigger return. If you do not allow the trigger to properly reset, the Colt trigger may set and appear locked up. It isn’t locked up, simply release the trigger.
The Smith and Wesson features a separate trigger return spring that resets the trigger after the hammer falls. Reset is simply the trigger being moved back into the firing position. Press the trigger to cock the hammer to the rear against spring pressure. The hammer breaks and falls as the trigger is completely to the rear. The trigger then resets to the original position.
A good cadence of fire is to fire, and as the revolver muzzle rises in recoil, allow the trigger to reset and bring the sights back on target. The rate of fire isn’t set by how fast you can pull the trigger, but by how quickly you are able to realign the sights.
Staging the Trigger
Some shooters firing in competition never cock the hammer for single-action fire. Some hunters, taking longer shots, never use the double-action option. More shooters jerk the trigger single-action than double-action, so use the double-action stroke for all defensive shooting. You don’t want to be walking around the house with a four-pound trigger press dropping the hammer! Shaky hands are not ideal for safely lowering the hammer. Double-action triggers run from 10–15 pounds.
There are those who use a technique for staging the trigger for long-range shots. This is an art worth studying. In staging the shot, the trigger is brought to the rear and instead of pulling straight through, you stop, confirm the sight picture, and drop the hammer. This can be very fast and allows excellent shooting to 25 yards or beyond. It is also easy to go ahead and fire instead of staging, so be certain you are going to take the shot in case you do not stage properly. This is more of an art for competition, but I can see its validity if you have to take a shot at an active shooter at long range, or perhaps a shot on a varmint or pest in the field.
The key is dry fire. Practice with a triple-checked unloaded fire. Practice the trigger press. Use snap caps to reduce wear and tear on the firing pin. (Mandatory for Colt revolvers!) Get with the program and you are on your way to proficiency.
How do you master the double-action revolver? What is your preferred revolver? Let us know in the comment section.
Editor’s note: This post was originally published in June of 2021. It has been revamped and updated for accuracy and clarity.