Establishment of the Navy, 13 October 1775 “Resolved, That a swift sailing vessel, to carry ten carriage guns, and a proportionable (sic) number of swivels, with eighty men, be fitted, with all possible despatch (sic), for a cruise of three months, and that the commander be instructed to cruize (sic) eastward, for intercepting such transports as may be laden with warlike stores and other supplies for our enemies, and for such other purposes as the Congress shall direct. That a Committee of three be appointed to prepare an estimate of the expence (sic), and lay the same before the Congress, and to contract with proper persons to fit out the vessel.
Resolved, that another vessel be fitted out for the same purposes, and that the said committee report their opinion of a proper vessel, and also an estimate of the expence (sic).”
Thus began the greatest navy that would rule the seas to this day. Today our Navy consists of the most awe-inspiring submarines, cruisers, frigates, mighty aircraft carriers, and my personal favorite destroyers, Tin Cans. On it, under it, or over it, we have no rivals.
While we see visions of our Navy in its infancy under sail as the USS Constitution, the first ships that set sail were not as grand as old Iron Sides. It would be another 22 years before this grand ol lady would take to the oceans and let the French know we appreciated their help but we did not owe them our freedom.
Today, October 13, 1775, with the words above two ships became the U.S. Navy. The two ships, Andrew Doria and the Cabot given the orders to cruise eastward became the first U.S fleet to set sail. Later the American fleet would add the Columbus and the sloop Providence. John Adams who had fought hard for this day believed that we had a “Seafaring Inclination” Oh did we ever!
With ships named the Kitty Hawk, Enterprise, York Town, Constitution, Johnston, Samuel B. Roberts, Los Angeles, Gambia Bay, Missouri, and the Arizona, the world has heard sailors sing, Stand Navy out to sea Fight our battle cry: We’ll never change our course So vicious foes steer shy-y-y-y Roll out the T. N. T. Anchors Aweigh Sail on to victory And sink their bones to Davy Jones, hooray! Now 237 years later, the world takes notice when the United States Navy says Anchors Aweigh.