Firearms

Range Report: Beretta’s M9 Civilian Version

Beretta M9 with Black Hills Ammunition

When the United States Army adopted the Beretta M9, it was quite a surprise to many of us. The apple cart wasn’t upset; it was wrecked. The Beretta replaced the long-serving 1911A1 .45-caliber pistol. While there are many fans of the 1911, there are also many detractors and some who felt the pistol was long overdue for replacement.

Beretta M9 fieldstripped
The Beretta M9 fieldstrips easily into its main components—receiver, recoil guide rod and spring, barrel and slide.

The Beretta was a product of the world’s longest-serving arms maker and had passed a difficult trail period with its reputation intact. While there are many opinions, when double-action first-shot handguns of the period are considered, the Beretta was among the best available. The SIG P226 tied the Beretta for reliability, but perhaps the manual safety of the Beretta is the feature that tipped the scales. No matter how rigorous the test, you don’t know how reliable a handgun is until it enters service. Americans use their pistols more often than other armies, and the Beretta soon proved to be reliable in action.

It is rare for a firearm to enter military service and not undergo some type of revision or modification. This is true of the Garand rifle, and the 1911 progressed from the 1911 to the 1911A1. The Beretta 92 became the Model 92FS. The locking block was the same basic design used in the Mauser C96 and later the Walther P38. NATO-specification 124-grain ammunition is hotter than civilian +P ammunition and can be hard on the firearm. The locking block should be changed periodically in service, but a new design also proved more durable.

The Beretta also suffered from feed issues with magazines purchased on the low bid. Once these magazines were trashed, the Beretta was reliable as a machine can be. After many years of training with the Beretta and training others in handgun classes, I’ve never seen an unqualified malfunction with a Beretta 92 handgun. The Beretta has served with the U.S. military worldwide and also with many police agencies. Various French units, the NYPD Special Services District and the LAPD, as well as the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, have enjoyed excellent results with the Beretta.

Beretta M9 with Black Hills Ammunition
Black Hills ammunition gave excellent results with the Beretta M9.

I was initially reluctant to obtain a Beretta 92. However, with an increasing training load, and the number of young people wishing to master the Beretta both before and during military service, I obtained first one and then several Beretta 92 handguns. During the past 20 years, I’ve enjoyed good service with Beretta 92 and M9 types.

The pistol is reliable partly due to the straight-line feed design. The magazine feeds wide-mouth hollowpoint bullets directly into the chamber. When the potent +P+ 115-grain JHP became available, I found the Beretta 92 fed these loads well and also functioned with these loads.

The Beretta trigger action is often smooth. While long, the first-shot double-action press is smooth at about 12 pounds compression. The single-action trigger usually breaks the sear at 4¼ to 4½ pounds. The Beretta demonstrates little muzzle flip, and the pistol is very controllable in the single-action mode.

Beretta M9 right side
Note the M9 lanyard ring, external trigger drawbar and red dot under the safety, denoting the Fire position.

The slide-mounted decocker isn’t as handy as a frame-mounted safety. By practicing a straight-thumb movement similar to that used when taking the safety off the 1911A1 handgun, the Beretta safety offers a degree of speed. The grip isn’t small, but it’s manageable. There has been a slight redesign of the grip, and the frame profile is superior to the earlier production handguns. The grip is large, but even the youngest students find it manageable (if not ideal) with proper technique.

The Beretta 92 isn’t feather light, but for the size, it is light at 34 ounces—the product of an aluminum versus steel frame. The pistol has good features, including an extractor that protrudes to tell you the chamber is loaded. Beretta magazines never seem to give trouble. They are tapered at the top. This facilitates rapid speedloads, making the Beretta among the fastest of all self-loading pistols to quickly reload.

The pistol is easily fieldstripped. Simply lock the slide to the rear, remove the magazine, rotate the takedown lever and release the slide. The slide then is moved forward and removed from the frame. Follow up by lifting the recoil rod and spring assembly out of the slide. A pin in the locking wedge is pressed forward, and the barrel is removed from the slide. This is all the disassembly that’s needed for normal maintenance. The open-top slide doesn’t trap debris. Overall, the Beretta is an easy handgun to service and maintain.

Beretta M9 left side slide open
With the slide locked to the rear, the Beretta is safe and ready for inspection.

The M9 is a variant that’s as close to the military M9 as possible. The sights are marked in a different manner, and the finish differs from the standard M92. I recently obtained and tested the M9 pistol. I began my evaluation by fieldstripping the pistol and lubricating the long bearing surfaces. Next, I loaded the supplied magazines (the pistol comes with two) and a spare I had on hand. In the interest of function and longevity, it is best to purchase Beretta magazines for Beretta pistols rather than aftermarket.

I loaded the magazines in the proven manner. I loaded three to four cartridges at a time, then tapped the magazine on my boot heel to be certain the rounds were properly seated and continued until the magazines were loaded with the full complement of 15 cartridges. I locked back the slide and inserted a loaded magazine into the magazine well until it locked. I then used the slide lock to release the slide and load the pistol. If you follow these rules, malfunctions should be limited.

Initial range work was done with 115-grain FMJ loads. This ammunition is a quality resource for practice. The pistol was fired at man-size targets in rapid-paced drills at 5, 7, and 10 yards. Beginning with the hammer down and working through the smooth, double-action trigger stroke, center hits were achieved. Double taps were performed at close range and controlled pairs at longer range. This handgun is controllable, and the modest muzzle flip ensured that the shooter came back on target quickly.

Bob Campbell shooting the Beretta M9
The author found the M9 to be a joy to fire and use, with light recoil and excellent practical accuracy.

Due to the tapered magazine, it was not difficult to quickly insert a magazine and load the handgun during speed drills. The Beretta handles quickly—you must give it that—and the M9 performed well. A difference between the M9 and the Beretta 92 is that the rear sight features a single white bar rather than the popular three-dot system. This bar seems to give better precision accuracy with less chance of misaligning the sights.

During the first firing session, I also fired a number of jacketed hollowpoint loads. The practice loads break about 1,150 fps; the 115-grain JHP +P runs closer to 1,300 fps. This load gave a strong push and greater muzzle report, but control remained good. I also fired a single magazine of 124-grain JHP +P. At 1,200 fps- plus, this loading demonstrates an excellent balance of expansion and penetration and would be an ideal service load for agencies deploying the 9mm Luger cartridge.

While the 9mm doesn’t offer hard-driving recoil, the shooter must be certain to control recoil when firing service-grade loads. These loads never failed to feed, chamber and fire, or eject. Practical accuracy was good. The sights are well regulated for 115-grain ammunition, with 124-grain loads firing just slightly above point of aim.

Accuracy results – 25 yards, measured in inches Load Group
Black Hills Ammunition 115-grain JHP +P 2.5 inches
Black Hills Ammunition 124 -rain JHP +P 2.0 inches
Fiocchi 147-grain JHP 2.0 inches
Fiocchi 123-grain FMJ 2.4 inches

When carrying the M9 concealed, I use an inside-the-waistband holster. With a combination of VentMesh and Rhino mesh that protects both the handgun and the user from perspiration, this is a comfortable holster that distributes the weight of the Beretta well. The balance of speed and retention is good.

The Beretta has enjoyed an excellent service record. The pistol handles well, and it is reliable and accurate. There isn’t much more we may ask from a service pistol.

What has your experience been with the Beretta M9 (Military or civilian versions)? Share them in the comment section.

[bob]

The Mission of Cheaper Than Dirt!'s blog, The Shooter's Log, is to provide information—not opinions—to our customers and the shooting community. We want you, our readers, to be able to make informed decisions. The information provided here does not represent the views of Cheaper Than Dirt!

Comments (43)

  1. I have a Beretta 92fs and I don’t regret buying it. Right out the box it handle very good. The only change on the Beretta was the weight of the trigger. It went from 20 lbs. to 13 lbs. It feels great. I’m still in the Army and we shoot once to twice a year, but I shoot at an indoor range.

  2. The Beretta M9/92FS has an action dating from the Walther P-38, which was pretty state of the art for it’s time. Since then much better pistols like the SigSauer emerged. Sig was supposedly beaten out at the last minute by Beretta on price.

    More cynically, some suspect, the contract win resulted from a leaning towards the Italian company for payback after the Carbaneri special operations unit in 1981 rescued US Army General Dozier from his communist kidnappers, The Red Brigade. Moreover, Special Forces NCOs at Fort Bragg assigned to field test the pistol said their negative reports were changed by those higher up the food chain. Specifically, complaints they had about malfunctions when covered in mud were papered over to ensure this contract went through.

    Many people do not realize there are even more differences between the military M9 and any civilian variant, 92FS or otherwise. There are subtle differences in springs used, metal thicknesses, and as pointed out, the overall finish. A depot-level armorer would be able to tell the difference but your average solider may not notice.

    Part of the contract stipulated that the pistols would be made in the US after a small initial run of production in Italy. As with other weapons systems, contractors bid on making repair and replacement parts, sometimes with changes to specifications requested by the customer, DoD.

    One such change was to the frame of the M9 to prevent slides from blowing back and hitting shooters in the face. A round nub was added to the left side to direct the slide up and over the shooters head, should this happen. This situation happened more than once when Navy personnel including at least one SEAL were (stupidly) using hot ammo designed for submachine guns in their M9s.

    As to whether or not military M9 pistols will be released for civilian sale, this is possible since the government recently approved releasing several thousand surplus M1911s through the civilian marksmanship program (thank you, Trump administration!) But honestly I don’t know who would want one – there are much better pistols already on the market.

  3. I was wondering: When the US Military Brass decides on the replacement for the M9 will the US public be able to buy these surplus pistols? Or will
    President Clinton (sic) order them melted down because or “the children” that would be murdered with them? Hopefully President Cruz will offer them to We the People who actually paid for them already at a genuine discounted surplus price.

  4. I purchased a 92 Brigadier Border Marshal new. It must have been a factory reject that slipped past.
    I could not run through a SINGLE magazine without Several stoppages.
    I experienced stovepipes, failure to feed, and failure to eject.
    As for accuracy , if I aimed west, the bullets would go in that general direction.
    My friend shot it with the same results.
    His model 96 ran pretty well.

    1. Since it was purchased new, did you contact Beretta about the problems you had with the pistol? If so, what (if anything) did they do to address the issue?

    2. I was going to ask the same question, but you beat me to it. Hopefully Beretta was responsive and took some action to provide warranty service.

  5. You advise against using “after market” magazines in the 92/M9 which is generally good advice. However I have several 15 rnd. Mec-Gar magazines and they work flawlessly all the time. In fact, I have read that Mec-Gar is the OEM supplier of magazines to Beretta for the 92/M9. One final note I have on the Beretta 92 is that I have fired thousands of rounds through the gun and it has NEVER EVER failed to go BANG when I pulled the trigger and flawlessly reload itself no matter what kind of ammo I had in the magazine. It is as reliable as gravity as far as I’m concerned.

  6. I agree with this author completely. I carried the M9 for over a year in Iraq and found one flaw that never ceased to piss me off. It was the safety on my weapon… the darn thing wouldn’t stay on. Had my unit had an armorer they would have replaced the safety detent and all would have been fixed. I don’t believe the problem was a defect in design, just over use by army of predecessors. It certainly didn’t stop me form purchasing the M9s/92FS’s for personal use. Hard to believe all this praise coming from a disciple of the 1911A1. Good review of a great firearm!

  7. I have been working at a busy indoor range and gunshop that offers a rental program. We hadn’t had any M9’s or 92FS’s although people asked for them at times. We decided to put one in the program and in the first week it broke, locking lug cracked. We repaired it and it continued to break every week for the next two months with the same problem, we had a regular customer that new the history of the gun and offered to buy it so we sold. We ordered another brand new 92FS and had the same problem. That lug would break weekly, we would repair it and put it back out to find the same problem. After another two months of this, we repaired it and sold it. I began taking with other owners of 92’s and found that many of them were having problems. The locking lug is the nu,beer one so any of you beretta owners out there remember to lubricate the locking lug before firing the pistol. Also, for all of you reload er’s out there, watch your powder. I have seen numerous case failures in these pistols and 99% of the time it will low your trigger bar out of the frame. Lastly, i have witnessed other new guns have a piece of the barrel blow clean off the gun just from firing good, US made, non +P, factory ammunition through these things. These were mostly US made 92 amd M9 variants. If you are brave enough to buy one of these guns, get an Italian manufactured model as they seem to hold up the best. It is truly a shame as these pistols shoot very softly and look very nice. They just remind me of some of my ex girlfriends-gorgeous and fun to play with, but a pain in the ass to own and keep up!

    1. Please don’t take offense, but if you have seen multiple catastrophic failures of one of the most reliable weapon systems in the history of firearms,then it is more than likely that something other than the weapon is at fault. In my experience,many ranges reload the spent cases they collect. This is done by an employee who might not be as careful as he would be if he was reloading for personal use. Or perhaps, the equipment used has deteriorated to less than serviceable levels. In any event, the evidence is overwhelmingly present to suggest that you have a serious safety issue, and you should take it far more seriously than to dismiss it and blame it on any particular firearm. Billions of rounds of every conceivable type have been put through Beretta M9/92FS with an extremely low incident rate. Simple common sense should make you investigate your extraordinarily high failure rate further before someone gets seriously hurt or killed.

    2. Do you do know why the Beretta 92F became the 92FS? It’s because some military personnel (primarily special ops) got hit in the face when the locking block cracked and the slide flew off the frame on the following shot. Beretta updated the M9 with a safety pin to keep the slide in place when that happened, and the civilian designation changed from 92F to 92FS to reflect this change.

      It’s believed that the issue was caused by the use of SMG ammunition that was equivalent to +P+, which is beyond the spec Beretta was given when designing the pistol. However, even SAAMI +P ammunition has been found to break the locking block if you shoot enough through it (in excess of 15,000 rounds).

      You’re right in that it’s likely due to over-pressure reloads or just plain excessive shooting, but the locking block cracking is a well-known issue with the design.

    3. @Adam

      You are correct that th FS design was a response to slide issues, but it was not a widespread problem, and occurred very early in the Beretta contract with the military. At some point Navy SEALS started playing around with the new Berettas and this is where the slide coming off of the frame stories come from.

      They were indeed using 92F Beretta’s not 92FS. The F does not have the oversized head hammer pin of the FS (a design that came along as a result of three documented occurrences). In using the guns, the SEALS were using ++P++ ammo designed for subguns. This caused far too much wear too fast, and was far too powerful of a load for pistol. Two slides came off of guns and one SEAL was hurt. Also one slide came off during the tests that the DOD were doing, and is mentioned in Freedom of Information articles available to the public. It too was caused by high pressure ammo. Beretta simply changed the slide to include a stop cut that fit over the larger head on the newly designed hammer pin.

      I understand your concerns, but you really cannot malign a gun that has provided exemplary service since 1985. The author’s note to the ‘Beretta 92F/M9 Handbook’ states; “Having fired literally 100’s of thousands of rounds through multiple M9 platforms; aside from (military OEM) magazine issues I have found the pistol to be extremely accurate, reliable and durable. With minor modifications (hammer spring, trigger spring, recoil buffer and extended magazine release). I have fired over 100,000 rounds through my own personal M9 for training in the last 11 years without parts breakage. I’m sure somewhere along the way I have had some sort of malfunction but honestly I cannot remember any other than magazines.”

      My point is this . . . you have had a lot of recurring problems with a gun that has a great track record. Now, I don’t know if the guns you were renting were new or old, but the new Beretta is an excellent gun that has given excellent service to thousands of military, police and private shooters.

    4. I have to agree with Scott on this.

      We own three Beretta 92s, two of which were police trade-ins and the third we bought new, and all have had one heck of a lot of rounds through them with no failures of any kind. This includes inexpensive Russian steel cased practice ammo, US made brass cased ammo like Blazer and Remington, reloads from our range, and +P HP ammo. Beretta 92s are smooth and reliable, and will shoot pretty much whatever ammo you feed them.

      I would respectfully recommend you evaluate other reasons why you are seeing so many failure besides attributing it to a gun design that has been in steady use successfully for decades.

  8. I have shot thousands of rounds through the M9/92FS in both the Army and in civilian training. I’ve shot a dozen or so different M9 pistols in the Army and have owned a 92FS for about 10 years. Through a wide variety of ammunition, I have NEVER experienced a malfunction of any kind with the gun. In my opinion, you can’t get much more reliable than that, and if reliability is a top factor to consider in a service or defensive weapon, you can’t beat the Beretta.

  9. There is nothing wrong with the Baretta, but for my money, I prefer a Sig P226 or P229. Competition accurate and utterly reliable.

  10. The US military started going downhill when the powers that be decided to switch us from small arms ammo designed to kill the enemy to rounds designed to PISS THEM OFF!

    9mm Para = 9mm Luger = 9x19mm = .45 ACP “SET TO STUN!”

    Admittedly, the 1911 was getting a little long in the tooth, but give me a .45 ACP double stack any day!

  11. As good as the Beretta is I had a bad experience with it.while working in plain cloths in a Major city police dept. I was scoping out a house in the Ghetto when a group of boys started shooting at a marked car in front of our vehicle. I exited and gave chase where I had these three boys in a gangway. I aimed my Beretta squeezed the trigger, and nothing. Put the safety on and off, squeezed the trigger nothing . I holster the Beretta and pulled out my snub. By this time the three offenders had been taken into custody. Sent the Beretta back to company. They returned it a week later stating it was dirty? I had cleaned the gun the day prior,and did a pencil test. To check the firing pin.

  12. I love my Beretta’s. I first bought the PX4 Compact .40 for concealed carry but I was drawn to the sexy lines of the 92FS so soon after I got a compact in Inox and use it in IDPA competition and sometimes carry it. I never had a problem with the 92 until I tried a stainless guide rod and then I got all kind of feed and eject problems. I also had to clean the firing pin channel after about 1000 rounds. Probably due to low grade ammo but something to keep in mind. Overall, this is great equipment and I’m totally satisfied.

  13. I put the 92FS/MP in my top tier of 9mm pistols, along with the CZ75B and a Sig in third place. Owned two Berettas and liked the FS a bit more because of the better sights; otherwise a horse apiece. Both the Berettas and the CZ are the easiest-racking guns I’ve ever tried, the Sig is 300 bucks more and not even superior. A great gun but for the money you can beat a Beretta or CZ. I’ve shot thousands of rounds through both without any failures or jams with good accuracy.

    I can’t warm up to plastic guns, especially ugly Glocks and the terrible grips and triggers. Only polymer pistols I’d recommend is the Ruger SR9. By the way, Kimber is the most overpriced gun out there. They look pretty but performance-wise they don’t measure up to any Beretta, CZ or Sig.

    1. The CZ is definitely a great value for dollar, but I would put the SIG at the top of that list despite the cost difference. That said, any of those three would be more than good enough for most shooters.

      Have you tried the Sig P320, Walther PPQ, or H&K VP9? All three have excellent factory triggers. Additionally, the M&P and Glock (among others) have excellent after-market trigger options for those unhappy with the stock trigger.

  14. Beretta 92fs is an excellent gun.good balance never had a problem with mine.if you don’t like double action it only takes a second to cock the trigger n shoot single action.i practice both single and double action and double action doesn’t throw off my accuracy.9mm is a very good caliber people don’t seem to realize that loads made now are way better than they use to be I prefer fast and lighter loads over slow heavy loads .i don’t think the 9mm is under powered like die hard .45 fans think

  15. bought my Beretta 92F from Gulf States Distributors when they first came out as an off duty piece. Never had a problem with this weapon at anytime, fires great, mags work beautifully and it’s extremely accurate…Of all my pistols this is my favorite. A well constructed weapon and worthy of continued military and police service. R/

  16. “If it ain`t broke don`t fix it” The Special forces carry the 1911 (The smart ones anyway) I`ll stick with the “Man Stopper” he`ll only weigh 230 grains more when he`s on the slab. (Without his shoes)

    1. The units with 1911-style pistols aren’t carrying a basic mil-spec 1911.

      If you’re willing to spend over $2,000 on a hand-tuned 1911 from a custom shop (like the FBI’s HRT did), then yes – you’ll get something basically as reliable as a stock Beretta, SIG, Glock, or M&P.

      However, if you’re in the majority that don’t have the government funding your gear, training, and ammunition you’re better off buying the better stock gun and spending the $1200 – $1500 difference on training and ammunition.

  17. M-9 was one of the last two handguns on my wish list . only other is Thomason single fire for buy one barrel at a time . But the M9 had been my dream gun now it sits with on the list never to make it odd .Thanks to a drunk driver, kind of hard to buy a base $700.00 handgun on a disibilty check when family comes first.

  18. The SIG P226 actually outperformed the Beretta in reliability and accuracy testing. What tipped the scale in Beretta’s favor was a last-minute change in their bid that put the price significantly under that of the SIG, leading to accusations that someone leaked SIG’s bid to Beretta so they could be undercut.

    An IG investigation found no evidence of this, but as with OJ Simpson the suspicions linger to this day.

    From a handling standpoint, my biggest issue with the Beretta is the position of the safety/decocker lever. It makes taking the pistol off safe after decocking very awkward. The SIG’s location for the lever is much easier to work with.

    1. Adam,
      When the handgun is drawn the thumb of the firing hand extends to hit the safety in a fast straight forward motion and thumbs the safety off. If you practice most can master this technique. Never deploy a firearm that takes two hands to make ready, carry off safe unless you master this technique and on safe carry is important to you.

    2. I wasn’t referring to taking the safety off on the draw, but rather immediately after decocking with the intent of carrying with the hammer down and safety off (as most other DA/SA guns with a decocker are carried). For me, the thumb motion required to flip the safety back off just feels awkward due to the level being on the slide and not the frame.

    3. I think people are overthinking and overusing the decocker function.

      First, the value of a decocker is that it allows you to safely un-cock and put the hammer down on a loaded chamber without having to worry (as much) that the hammer will slip out of your control and hit the firing pin hard enough to fire the round in the chamber. With a 12 pound DA trigger pull, once the hammer is down there is no real need to leave the decocker engaged and you can move the safety back to the position with the red dot showing so that the gun is now ready to fire when the trigger is pulled.

      Second, when I carry a Beretta I insert the mag, rack a round into the chamber, then use the decocker to safely lower the hammer. Then I simply holster the gun is a quality holster the protects the trigger and go about my business.

      Yes, the first shot will be DA at 12 pounds, but I have practiced for this, as has my wife, and every subsequent shot will be around 5 pounds or less.

      What could be simpler?

    4. Thanks for your explanation. That is pretty much the way my S&W 908 works. I wasn’t sure about the protocol for carrying it decocked with the decocking lever in the “fire” position. What you say makes sense.

  19. I don’t understand the action to get the decocker into the “fire” position – the straight thumb movement.

    It appears the you must push the decocker lever up to uncover the red dot. I have this feature on my S&W 908, and for me a draw from holster requires two hands, if the decocking lever is initially down – one to draw the firearm, and one to flip the lever up. Obviously, if the firearm is carried with the decocker in the “fire” position (red dot exposed), then there is no problem, as this is similar to the “cocked and locked” condition of the 1911, except that there is no grip safety.

    Am I correct?

  20. Nice article, Bob.

    We own two Beretta 92s and an ATI C92 Beretta clone, and they are all great guns. Reliable, accurate, easy to shoot and they’ll digest pretty much any ammunition you feed them from high quality +P+ HPs to Russian steel cased practice ammo.

    The two actual Berettas were police trade-ins, typically carried a lot and seldom shot, so other than a little holster wear they are pretty much like new. The ATI is an excellent gun and has had thousands of rounds through it in the years we’ve owned it.

    I have to confess, when the Beretta replaced the 1911 I was firmly situated among the “I hate the Beretta” crowd. I didn’t see how anything had the right to displace the 1911 .45ACP, and was certain it was a purely political decision. I’m still a .45 guy but after owning and shooting the Beretta 92, I see it as a reliable and accurate handgun that has given and will continue to give great service. While my first and second choices for EDC are my G21 and my 9mm Jericho, the Beretta 92 is a firm number three out of all out many handguns.

    1. @ Matt.

      In Switzerland, Military Service is “Compulsory” and you are Issued a Automatic Rifle. At the END of Service, You can as a Citizen BUY the Rifle that you were ISSUED. BUT ONLY after it has be “Demilitarized”, made SAFE by being Semi-Automatic ONLY. It’s like Comparing the Differences between a Left-Handed or Right-Handed “Ice Cream Cone”…

    2. I don’t understand how any of what you said is relevant. The Beretta is not fully automatic. Again, the information you seek is in the article friend.

    3. @ Matt.

      I have a Cable Remote with DOZENS of Feature, and yet I only USE about 10% of them. Same Way with a Handgun or Pistol, You’re EITHER going to Use Them or NOT. Some DON’T…

    4. Another nonsense response. Why do you capitalize random words? Is this a language barrier issue?

      What does any of that have to do with this article or this gun?

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